Why did Türkiye head toward the BRICS?
    Evolving axis

    ANALYTICS  05 June 2024 - 15:12

    Fuad Shahbazov

    On June 4, the Russian authorities said that they welcomed Türkiye’s reported desire to join the BRICS group of nations—a group comprising Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa, Ethiopia, Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Argentina, and the United Arab Emirates. Official Ankara's request regarding full membership within the group will be discussed during the next summit.

    The recent expansion of BRICS in 2023 repeatedly highlighted the group's principles as the momentum may now be shifting. This expansion would have the BRICS overtake the G7 in total gross domestic product, with BRICS economies growing at higher demographic and economic rates than G7 members. Together, these ten nations account for around 40 per cent of both crude oil production and exports. They also account for one-quarter of global GDP, two-fifths of global trade in goods, and nearly half of the world’s population. Yet grounds for scepticism capacity to become an effective institution remain. This grouping includes countries that are very diverse in terms of political systems, institutional frameworks, economic models, and cultural backgrounds.

    As attention focuses on wars in Eastern Europe and the Middle East and mounting tensions between the world’s great powers, a structural shift in the global order has been quietly underway. Despite its pragmatic nature, the BRICS has its own internal rivalry between some member states like China and India, Saudi Arabia – the UAE, and Iran. India is cautious that the BRICS is an additional instrument for China to boost its global influence, thus limiting India’s sphere of influence more.

    There are several reasons why BRICS countries are attractive to certain countries. First, current members, future members, and other applicants are non-members of the Western bloc and generally disadvantaged against the U.S. and the EU in many respects. Therefore, those countries seek an alternative platform to increase trade and economic relations by bypassing the Western platforms. Simply put, those countries have an opportunity to avoid Western dominance and pursue a different strategy of interregional and intraregional economic partnership.

    In this vein, Türkiye, with its new pragmatic agenda, expressed willingness to join the BRICS as a part of its efforts to walk away from Western-dominated platforms. During this most recent official visit to China, Turkish Foreign Minister Hakan Fidan emphasized that Ankara is exploring new opportunities for cooperation with several partners in different platforms, such as BRICS. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan had expressed his desire to join the bloc in 2018 but has not repeated the suggestion since then.

    Consequently, for Türkiye, the BRICS countries represent growing economies with enormous potential for further growth. China and India, in particular, demonstrate impressive economic growth rates, attracting Ankara, which aims to strengthen its economic position. Hence, the potential membership in the BRICS would allow Türkiye to pursue a more independent foreign policy and diversify its economic ties.

    Given FM Hakan Fidan’s positive remarks, his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi also noted that Beijing was willing to continuously expand cooperation with Ankara in economics, trade, energy, infrastructure, and the hi-tech and digital economy to oppose all forms of hegemony and power politics, and to maintain the stability of the global supply chain. Moreover, one of the important pillars of Türkiye’s foreign policy was to form strong economic ties in an institutional form.

    Considering Ankara's interest and significant potential as a new market, its membership bid will likely gain support from countries like China, Russia, India, the UAE, and Saudi Arabia, which maintain individual partnerships with Türkiye in various fields. Unsurprisingly, NATO member Türkiye had come under fire by its Western allies in recent years over its ties with Russia, with some saying that its "axis" was shifting away from the Western military alliance. Paradoxically, Türkiye’s conservative democratic community, which now governs the country, is neither fully aligned with the West nor anti-Western. Such a pragmatic agenda coincides with Ankara’s current strategy, envisaging independent foreign policy and an assertive soft power strategy to preserve national interests.


    Subscribe to our Telegram channel

Read also

New era in the pipeline: Transformative changes in Southern Caucasus A region in transformation

21 July 2024 - 17:16

Azerbaijan champions independence for French-colonized territories BIG leads the charge for decolonization

21 July 2024 - 10:41

US-Armenia Eagle Partner 2024 military drills & geopolitical implications Yerevan's strategic shift

21 July 2024 - 09:25

Karabakh Armenians feel uncomfortable in Armenia What are Azerbaijan's detractors silent about?

20 July 2024 - 15:55

What do international financial institutions predict for Azerbaijan's economy? Caliber.Az review

20 July 2024 - 15:06

China’s increasing footprint in Central Asia Stepping up military

19 July 2024 - 15:06
Latest news

    President Biden steps down from 2024 race, endorses Kamala Harris

    21 July 2024 - 22:06

    Russian fighter jets intercept US B-52 bombers near border in routine encounter

    21 July 2024 - 22:02

    F-35 programme resumes deliveries with interim software solutions

    21 July 2024 - 20:03

    Foreign journalists witness devastation during tour to Azerbaijan’s Shusha


    21 July 2024 - 18:05

    Russia monitors West Nile fever spread amid imported cases

    21 July 2024 - 17:55

    Azerbaijan extends olive branch to Armenia with COP29 invitation

    21 July 2024 - 17:40

    German police foil IS terror plot targeting England's Euro 2024 final

    21 July 2024 - 17:30

    New era in the pipeline: Transformative changes in Southern Caucasus

    A region in transformation

    21 July 2024 - 17:16

    Russian fighters intercept US B-52 bombers near state border

    21 July 2024 - 17:01

    US professor: Azerbaijan’s Shusha summit tackles misinformation epidemic

    21 July 2024 - 16:46

    President Erdogan: Türkiye resolves global IT failure issues

    21 July 2024 - 16:31

    Erdogan: Equal status key to new Cyprus talks, warns against escalation

    21 July 2024 - 16:16

    Azerbaijan explores role of technology in combating disinformation

    As part of Shusha Global Media Forum

    21 July 2024 - 15:58

    Israeli PM to meet with Biden and address Congress during US visit

    21 July 2024 - 15:43

    Russia’s TASS deputy director warns of persistent global information wars

    21 July 2024 - 15:28

    Azerbaijani leader’s remarks on Armenia’s constitution reflect real conditions for peace - Georgian expert

    21 July 2024 - 15:13

    Houthi forces claim attacks on Israeli city, US ship in Red Sea

    21 July 2024 - 14:57

    Azerbaijani Defence Ministry presents weekly review


    21 July 2024 - 14:42

    UN chief urges restraint following Israeli airstrikes on Hudaydah

    21 July 2024 - 14:12

    Second Shusha Global Media Forum launches first panel on disinformation impact

    21 July 2024 - 13:57

    Russian analyst slams Armenia's reluctance to negotiate peace with Azerbaijan

    21 July 2024 - 13:42

    Iran's president-elect honors Gen Soleimani, vows to follow his unifying legacy

    21 July 2024 - 13:27

    Azerbaijani official slams social media giants for neglecting ethical standards

    Calls for AI regulation

    21 July 2024 - 13:20

    Israeli airstrike targets Hezbollah ammunition depot in southern Lebanon

    21 July 2024 - 13:12

    Azerbaijani official highlights President Aliyev's support for media integrity

    21 July 2024 - 13:03

    Azerbaijan seeking swift peace treaty with Armenia – top Russian media man

    21 July 2024 - 12:57

    Iran condemns Israeli strikes on Yemen's Hudaydah, warns of regional escalation

    21 July 2024 - 12:42

    Azerbaijan's stand against neo-colonialism garners global attention

    Political analysts laud Baku's diplomatic initiative

    21 July 2024 - 12:27

    President Aliyev highlights historical transformation in Southern Caucasus at Shusha Forum


    21 July 2024 - 12:17

    Western campaigns of disinformation target geopolitical rivals – pundit

    21 July 2024 - 12:12

    Azerbaijan reiterates call for amendment to Armenian constitution to remove territorial claims

    21 July 2024 - 11:57

    Israel vows to defend itself after air raid on Houthi targets in Yemen

    21 July 2024 - 11:42

    US to assert commitment to defend Japan with nuclear weapons

    21 July 2024 - 11:27

    Top presidential foreign policy aide highlights Azerbaijan's stand against disinformation

    21 July 2024 - 11:12

    Azerbaijani official addresses digitalisation, disinformation at 2nd Shusha Global Media Forum

    21 July 2024 - 10:57

    Azerbaijan champions independence for French-colonized territories

    BIG leads the charge for decolonization

    21 July 2024 - 10:41

    Georgia's foreign trade turnover continues decreasing

    21 July 2024 - 10:26

    Hezbollah launches missile attack on Israel in Golan heights

    21 July 2024 - 10:10

    Azerbaijani army positions in Kalbajar District come under fire

    21 July 2024 - 09:56

    Second Global Media Forum continues in Shusha with discussions on disinformation

    21 July 2024 - 09:55

All news