Türkiye withdraws from Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe
    Experts analyse reasons and implications

    INTERVIEWS  13 April 2024 - 17:05

    Samir Ibrahimov

    Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan signed a decree on Türkiye's withdrawal from the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) on April 8. The decree was published in the official government newspaper Resmi Gazete.

    The document states that it has been decided to suspend the implementation of the treaty between the Republic of Türkiye and other states party to the CFE from April 8, 2024, in line with the president's decree.

    The CFE was signed on November 19, 1990, in Paris and ratified by the Turkish government on July 1, 1992. The treaty limits the numerical strength of five major categories of conventional armaments and equipment (battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, artillery systems of calibre 100mm and above, combat aircraft, and attack helicopters) for 30 states' armed forces. It provides for the exchange of information and inspections.

    As the newspaper Yeni Şafak recalls in connection with this decision, Russia withdrew from the CFE in November 2023. After that, the United States and NATO announced the suspension of their obligations under the treaty. Ankara expressed regret at the decision of its NATO partners and called on them to return to the CFE. It is noted that Türkiye has made the current decision due to the increase in international tensions.

    Turkish media, citing diplomatic sources, report that, according to Ankara's opinion, the treaty has lost its meaning under current conditions, and its obligations are not being fulfilled in practice. At the same time, it is noted that the decision to suspend the implementation of obligations under the treaty may be reversible.

    It is interesting, what are the true reasons for Türkiye's decision? And what goals may it pursue? Turkish experts presented their views on this matter to Caliber.Az.

    Analyst, Doctor of Political Science, Professor Haydar Cakmak recalls that the CFE agreement was concluded immediately after the end of the Cold War.

    "It was a period of strong uncertainty. The treaty was created as a precautionary measure to prevent a new military crisis in the world. It was a period when it was discussed that the Warsaw Pact had lost its significance and was about to collapse, and NATO was no longer needed," he said.

    After some time, the CFE was already considered a dead or inactive agreement, and it was not given much importance, says the professor.

    "There was no serious return from the treaty anyway. Türkiye, which is part of the Western bloc, can pursue a policy different from that of other Western countries, based on national security considerations.

    Moreover, Russia's withdrawal from this agreement in 2023 means that one of the important reasons for the creation of the CFE disappears. Furthermore, in the current situation, when NATO member states have withdrawn from it or ignore it, it has become meaningless for Türkiye to insist on the existence of the CFE. Especially when it already has its own technologies, and it is possible to control the production and quantity of weapons without any agreement. In short, it is meaningless to look for Türkiye's exit from the CFE as having bad intentions to disrupt regional or international peace. I don't think there is any other situation or goal here, except for the withdrawal from an international agreement that has lost its importance and function," said Cakmak.

    Political scientist and professor at Ankara University, Togrul Ismayil, also noted that President Erdogan's decision regarding the CFE was partly influenced by Russia's withdrawal from the agreement in November 2023.

    "After that, the US and NATO announced the suspension of their commitments regarding this treaty. Naturally, Türkiye expressed concern and worry about such a decision by its NATO partners at that time, and called for a return to the previous format. But why has a similar decision been made by the Turkish state now? Active participants in this agreement have either withdrawn from it or suspended their activities regarding their obligations. Naturally, Türkiye had no choice but to make a similar decision," explained the professor.

    It must be said that Türkiye always stands for peace, for security in the region, but naturally, withdrawing from such an agreement will lead to a new spiral of arms race, strengthening of armies, and concentration of new weapons in the region, predicts Ismail.

    "Of course, this worries Ankara. However, Türkiye has enough strength, capabilities, and potential in such matters. On the other hand, if we look at the situation more closely, this new situation allows Türkiye to provide greater assistance to Azerbaijan, it frees its hands in this matter, so to speak. That is, even in negative events, positive aspects can be found. However, overall, I want to remind that the goal of the Republic of Türkiye, first and foremost, is stability in the region and creating a zone of security," summarized Ismayil.

    Caliber.Az

    Subscribe to our Telegram channel


Read also

Strengthening economic ties, enhancing regional security Belarus president's visit to Azerbaijan

17 May 2024 - 15:19

Armenia's CSTO withdrawal: A strategic move or political maneuvering? Tug of war between alliances, economic realities

13 May 2024 - 11:23

Azerbaijani and Armenian FMs' Almaty talks - a big step towards a peace deal? Foreign experts weigh in

12 May 2024 - 11:48

Prospects for peace treaty signing between Azerbaijan, Armenia Experts weigh in

11 May 2024 - 15:05

Potential breakthrough in Azerbaijan-Armenia relations Crucial Almaty peace talks

10 May 2024 - 13:15

Armenian church, Karabakh clan challenge peace efforts Will peace prevail despite opposition?

10 May 2024 - 12:12
ADVERTS
Video
Latest news

    Chinese state-backed company to launch space tourism flights by 2028

    19 May 2024 - 20:01

    Ukraine destroys another Russian ship

    19 May 2024 - 18:01

    Slovak PM Fico no longer in immediate danger but condition serious, deputy says

    19 May 2024 - 17:40

    IRNA: Iranian president's helicopter makes hard landing on border with Azerbaijan

    19 May 2024 - 17:25

    Russia's forces shot down 9 ATACMS missiles, 61 drones overnight

    19 May 2024 - 17:17

    France mobilises police to regain control of New Caledonia airport road

    19 May 2024 - 16:49

    India doubles purchase of Russian diamonds

    19 May 2024 - 16:26

    Venezuela approves investment agreement with Türkiye

    19 May 2024 - 15:58

    Coup d'état thwarted in Democratic Republic of Congo

    19 May 2024 - 15:30

    Biden, Trump accuse each other of threatening democracy

    19 May 2024 - 15:09

    "Iran, Azerbaijan show a very strong joint political will today"

    President Aliyev tells Raisi during meeting at the border/PHOTO

    19 May 2024 - 14:40

    Russian oil refinery suspends operations after drone falls on its site

    19 May 2024 - 14:14

    Iranian ambassador: New page opened in relations with Azerbaijan

    19 May 2024 - 13:52

    Erdogan commemorates 105th anniversary of Turkish freedom struggle

    Ataturk Memorial Day

    19 May 2024 - 13:29

    Giant meteor seen lighting up skies of Portugal

    19 May 2024 - 13:11

    Azerbaijan, Russia discuss enhanced economic, transport cooperation at KazanForum 2024

    PHOTO

    19 May 2024 - 12:51

    Latvian Parliament speaker arrives in Azerbaijan's Fuzuli

    PHOTO

    19 May 2024 - 12:35

    Construction of Turkish Akkuyu Nuclear Power Plant nears completion, director says

    19 May 2024 - 12:21

    Israel, Hamas suspend prisoner swap talks

    19 May 2024 - 11:52

    German chancellor warns against full-scale ground operation in Rafah

    19 May 2024 - 11:23

    China uncovers "multiple espionage cases" in space sector

    19 May 2024 - 10:54

    Latvian Parliament speaker pays official visit to Azerbaijan

    19 May 2024 - 10:25

    President Aliyev inaugurates “Zangilan” and “Shayifli” hydroelectric power plants

    PHOTO

    19 May 2024 - 09:56

    President’s aide discusses Azerbaijani-American partnership at US Institute of Peace

    PHOTO

    19 May 2024 - 09:27

    Germany's Bundesrat passes gender self-identification law

    19 May 2024 - 09:00

    Poland to spend over 2.3 bln euros to fortify eastern border

    PM says

    19 May 2024 - 06:30

    Kim's sister denies North Korea has supplied weapons to Russia

    19 May 2024 - 04:23

    Iran hangs two women as surge in executions intensifies: NGO

    19 May 2024 - 02:20

    US Army’s multidomain task force contributing to AUKUS

    19 May 2024 - 00:15

    Slovakia at pivotal moment after Robert Fico shooting

    18 May 2024 - 22:10

    Russia admits it can’t halt nighttime uncrewed surface vessel raids

    18 May 2024 - 20:00

    Palestinian resistance eliminates 15 Israeli soldiers in Rafah

    18 May 2024 - 18:18

    Slovak PM’s attacker pleads guilty before court — media

    18 May 2024 - 18:08

    White House not thrilled by Macron’s D-Day invite to Russia

    18 May 2024 - 17:59

    Poland to begin construction of Eastern Shield

    18 May 2024 - 17:47

    Resistance destroys 100 Israeli vehicles in 10 days

    18 May 2024 - 17:32

    Hungarian FM calls for Azerbaijani delegation's return to PACE

    18 May 2024 - 17:17

    Ambrey says Panama-flagged oil tanker attacked southwest of Yemen's Mokha

    18 May 2024 - 17:02

    Pakistan, India issue warnings to students in Kyrgyzstan after mob violence

    18 May 2024 - 16:47

    New Croatian government receives confidence vote in Zagreb assembly

    18 May 2024 - 16:36

All news