Who are Palestinians in Israel's prisons?

    WORLD  01 December 2023 - 00:12

    As the Israel-Hamas truce deal, which foresaw the exchange of Israel hostages for Palestinian detainees, is dominating the news cycles around the world, the Economist has clarified who the Palestinians are, who are held in Israeli prisons and the circumstances of their detention. Caliber.Az reprints this article.

    "Over the past four days, as part of a truce, Israel has released 117 Palestinian prisoners in exchange for 40 Israeli and 18 foreign hostages. On November 27th Israel and Hamas agreed to a two-day extension, with more hostages and prisoners released. Exchanging Israeli captives for Palestinian prisoners has long been a practice in the Israeli-Arab conflict. Whereas Israel refers to those it releases as terrorists, Palestinians call them prisoners of war. Who are the Palestinians in Israeli prisons?

    Days before the truce began Israel’s government published a list of 300 Palestinians who could be released as part of the exchange with Hamas. Almost all are from the West Bank and East Jerusalem; just five are registered as residents of Gaza. Around 90% are teenage boys between 16 and 18 years old, and the remainder are mostly adult women. Only 67 have been sentenced; the rest are awaiting trial. More than 200 were due to be—or have already been—prosecuted in military courts. Palestinian civilians, including those under 18, can be prosecuted in such courts. Human-rights groups have raised concerns about very high conviction rates, the lack of legal support for Palestinians and poor conditions in Israeli prisons.

    Israel says that some of the 300 slated for release are affiliated with Palestinian militant groups, including Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad, but close to half have no political affiliation. They are accused of a variety of crimes, ranging from throwing stones to threatening 'regional security'. None has been convicted of murder; in previous prisoner swaps, some of those freed had been found guilty of that crime.

    The 150 prisoners released are a small proportion of the Palestinians held in Israeli prisons. Addameer, a Palestinian NGO, estimates that before Hamas’s attack on Israel 5,200 Palestinians were in Israeli jails, including more than 1,200 in 'administrative detention', meaning they were held without charge. That number has risen dramatically since October 7th. Adameer reckons that on November 6th Israeli authorities held 7,000 Palestinians in detention, including 2,070 in administrative detention.

    That is the highest figure in recent decades. It is not unusual for the numbers to surge during intensified conflict. In 2014—during the last major war between Israel and Hamas—the number of Palestinian administrative detainees rose from 175 in January to 463 in December, according to B’Tselem, an Israeli human-rights organisation. A special rapporteur to the un says that, in all, Israel has detained over 800,000 Palestinians in the occupied territories, including tens of thousands of children aged between 12 and 17, since 1967.

    Some past exchanges have been much larger than the latest. In 2011 Israel freed 1,027 Palestinians in exchange for Gilad Shalit, a soldier captured by Hamas in 2006. In 1983 it swapped about 4,500 Palestinian prisoners for six soldiers held by the Palestine Liberation Organisation. Many Palestinians have relatives in jail—and feel fiercely for the fate of prisoners. Hamas is well aware of this, and will hope to benefit from this exchange, particularly in the West Bank, where Fatah, its nationalist rival, is widely loathed. Indeed after the first batch of hostages was released, some were greeted in the West Bank by crowds waving the flag of Hamas".

    Caliber.Az

    Subscribe to our Telegram channel


Read also

Iranian president holds talks with foreign leaders in Algeria

03 March 2024 - 18:06

Iraqi FM highlights Türkiye-Iraq development road as transformative project

03 March 2024 - 17:54

German chancellor vows probe into very serious leak of army talks on Ukraine war

03 March 2024 - 16:58

Tragic bus accident claims 6 lives in Syria

03 March 2024 - 17:44

Militants kill 170 people in northern Burkina Faso

03 March 2024 - 17:35

Israel's wartime Cabinet rattled by dispute between Netanyahu, his top political rival

04 March 2024 - 05:48
ADVERTS
Video
Latest news

    Israel's wartime Cabinet rattled by dispute between Netanyahu, his top political rival

    04 March 2024 - 05:48

    Iranian singer sentenced to jail over Mahsa Amini protest anthem

    04 March 2024 - 03:59

    Intrigue swirls about possible reshuffles as China’s parliament convenes

    04 March 2024 - 02:04

    Two babies among 10 killed as Russia hits Odesa apartment block

    04 March 2024 - 00:12

    Spanish newspaper unveils consequences of Trump's possible election for Europe

    03 March 2024 - 22:01

    Global markets on edge as China initiates "second wave" of exports

    03 March 2024 - 19:56

    Malaysia may renew hunt for missing flight MH370, 10 years after its disappearance

    03 March 2024 - 18:30

    Iranian president holds talks with foreign leaders in Algeria

    03 March 2024 - 18:06

    Iraqi FM highlights Türkiye-Iraq development road as transformative project

    03 March 2024 - 17:54

    Tragic bus accident claims 6 lives in Syria

    03 March 2024 - 17:44

    Militants kill 170 people in northern Burkina Faso

    03 March 2024 - 17:35

    Hamas: Truce agreement with Israel possible within 24-48 hours

    03 March 2024 - 17:30

    Cypriot president seeks to enhance relations with Azerbaijan in digital age

    03 March 2024 - 17:17

    German chancellor vows probe into very serious leak of army talks on Ukraine war

    03 March 2024 - 16:58

    US official: Israel agrees to framework for Gaza ceasefire

    03 March 2024 - 16:43

    Torrential rains wreak havoc across Pakistan

    37 dead, dozens injured

    03 March 2024 - 16:34

    Türkiye announces coordination with Azerbaijan on border opening with Armenia

    "Fair behavior of Armenia is key"

    03 March 2024 - 16:32

    Türkiye hopes Ukraine ceasefire talks can start soon

    03 March 2024 - 16:22

    Turkish, Russian FMs discuss Caucasus peace process

    03 March 2024 - 16:11

    "Armenian-planted mines still pose serious threat"

    Statement by Azerbaijani MFA

    03 March 2024 - 16:05

    Officials: Russia intercepts 38 Ukrainian drones attacking Crimea

    03 March 2024 - 15:54

    Berlin police arrest two in manhunt linked to far-left RAF terror group

    03 March 2024 - 15:36

    Ambassador: Zangezur corridor can be vital in strengthening trust between Azerbaijan, Armenia

    03 March 2024 - 15:17

    Hungarian minister: Sending troops to Ukraine violates NATO’s decision

    03 March 2024 - 15:15

    Iran, Russia enhance energy cooperation

    New contracts on oil & gas fields

    03 March 2024 - 15:00

    Japan boosts international military drills amid regional tensions

    03 March 2024 - 14:42

    Azerbaijani man injured in Agdam landmine blast undergoing surgery in Barda

    His condition is severe/UPDATED

    03 March 2024 - 14:39

    Pakistan appoints new prime minister

    03 March 2024 - 14:24

    Azerbaijan, Algeria discuss expansion of cooperation between SOCAR, Sonatrach

    03 March 2024 - 14:04

    Iran asks Sudan to build permanent naval base in Red Sea

    03 March 2024 - 13:45

    Azerbaijan urges German organisations to cancel biased, pro-Armenian propaganda event

    03 March 2024 - 13:26

    Ship sunk by Houthis threatens Red Sea environment

    03 March 2024 - 13:05

    Korea's first spy satellite transmits good-resolution images of central Pyongyang

    03 March 2024 - 12:29

    Mass grave in Khojaly reveals remains of 14 Azerbaijanis tortured by Armenians

    Sombre realities of the past

    03 March 2024 - 12:14

    Israeli airstrikes kill 14 Palestinians in Rafah

    Including six children

    03 March 2024 - 11:58

    EU top diplomat urges probe of civilians killed by Israeli fire at Gaza aid station

    03 March 2024 - 11:39

    Hungarian minister: Turkish Stream – alternative after cessation of gas transit via Ukraine

    03 March 2024 - 11:25

    Trump blames Biden for weakening US globally

    03 March 2024 - 11:16

    Lithuania warns of confiscation of cars with Russian license plates

    03 March 2024 - 10:59

    Azerbaijani FM, foreign diplomats discuss multifaceted cooperation at Antalya Diplomacy Forum

    03 March 2024 - 10:44

All news