PM vows to boost UK defence spending to 2.5% of GDP by 2030

    WORLD  25 April 2024 - 09:07

    BBC carries an article about UK’s prime minister who has promised billions to counter threats from "an axis of authoritarian states", Caliber.Az reprints the article.

    UK’s Prime Minister Rishi Sunak has promised billions more for defence to counter threats from "an axis of authoritarian states".

    The prime minister said UK military spending would rise to 2.5 per cent of national income by 2030, in a move that hardens a previous spending pledge.

    He stressed the UK was "not on the brink of war" but claimed the extra money would put the country's defence industry "on a war footing".

    Labour is also committed to a 2.5 per cent target, when economic conditions allow.

    Making the defence announcement during a visit to Poland, Mr Sunak said the UK was facing the most dangerous international environment since the days of the Cold War between the West and the former Soviet Union.

    The investment was required because the UK was facing an "axis of authoritarian states with different values to ours," including Russia, Iran, North Korea, and China, he said.

    These countries, he argued, were showing a "new assertiveness" and were increasingly working together.

    It represents a significant increase in UK defence spending, but it will not change the size of the UK armed forces or reverse cuts to the size of the army.

    Expensive programmes

    Defence sources say it will enable the UK to build up its own stockpiles of ammunition, especially of artillery shells and missiles.

    One lesson from the war in Ukraine is that most Nato nations would run out very quickly if they were involved in a war.

    The additional funding will also help resource Ministry of Defence programmes already under way - such as an order for new frigates, the development of a new fighter jet, and the modernisation of Britain's nuclear weapons systems.

    These programmes are proving to be very expensive and the MoD has been struggling to make ends meet on its existing resources.

    But there is also clearly a political dimension to this extra cash injection, ahead of a general election.

    There has been no clear distance between Labour and the Conservatives on defence spending, with both committed to 2.5 per cent of GDP when the economy allows.

    Now the Conservatives have set a specific date, but with no guarantee that they will still be in power.


    Downing Street says spending would increase gradually over the next six years, reaching 87.1 billion pounds by 2030 – 7 billion pounds higher than if spending stayed at its current level of 2.3 per cent of GDP.

    A briefing document given to journalists alongside the plan said it would not lead to higher borrowing, but did not cite specific sources of extra revenue.

    Instead, Mr Sunak's spokeswoman said the plans would be funded through existing plans to shrink the size of the Civil Service, and by giving the MoD a share of an already-announced increase in government research spending.

    Ben Zaranko, an economist at the Institute for Fiscal Studies think tank, said this implied the extra spending would come from cuts to departments with unprotected budgets.

    Former defence secretary Ben Wallace also said he thought the extra money would come from a "re-prioritisation of the pie".

    Speaking to BBC Radio 4's PM programme, he said the prime minister had told him earlier he had decided defence spending would be a priority, ahead of "some other commitments we thought we may or may not do at the election".

    Labour's shadow defence secretary John Healey said the party "wants to see a fully funded plan" to reach this level, but he said the Tories had "shown time and time again that they cannot be trusted on defence".

    He said Labour would review resources for the armed forces within a year of taking office, if it wins the general election later this year.

    Mr Sunak said his new 2.5 per cent target could set a "new benchmark" for Nato, whose target for members to spend 2 per cent of GDP on defence is now a decade old.

    The UK spent 2.07 per cent of GDP on defence last year, according to Nato data, but it estimates it will spend 2.3 per cent this year, including resources given to Ukraine.

    Graphic showing Nato defence spending as a % of GDP (added July 2023)

    Poland was Nato's top spender as a share of its economy, allocating 3.9 per cent of GDP - more than twice the amount it had spent in 2022.

    The US was in second place, spending 3.5 per cent, although it is by far the biggest spender overall.

    The announcement comes after Mr Sunak confirmed the UK would provide an additional 500 million pounds for Ukraine this year, on top of 2.5 billion pounds already allocated.

    He added that the UK could continue to provide "at least the current level of military support to Ukraine for every year it is needed".

    Pressure to spend

    The government has been facing pressure to increase defence spending since the March Budget, which did not allocate extra money to the Ministry of Defence.

    Conservative MPs have been arguing for more, whilst two ministers publicly urged him to increase spending last month.

    The new commitment echoes one made by former PM Boris Johnson, who promised in 2022 to raise spending to 2.5 per cent of GDP by the end of the decade.

    Mr Sunak did not restate this target during his unsuccessful Tory leadership bid that year, instead only committing to the 2 per cent Nato minimum.

    Until now, he had been pledging to hit that level at an unspecified point in the future when economic conditions allowed.

    Nato has also been pushing its members to spend more. Speaking alongside Mr Sunak, the alliance's secretary general Jens Stoltenberg said the UK was "leading by example".

    Last month, MPs on the Public Accounts Committee warned the government lacked a "credible plan" to fund the MoD.

    And last year, the National Audit Office said the Ministry of Defence was facing a 16.9 billion pounds black hole in its finances - despite an injection of 46.3 billion pounds over the next 10 years.


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